Blog Archives

Open enterprises: towards a new economic pattern


By Marcin Jakubowski, founder and executive director, Open Source Ecology.

Eighty five equals three point five billion. This is a troubling equation representing that 85 of the world’s richest people own as much wealth as the 3.5 billion of the world’s poorest.

The potential of the open economic development paradigm lies in addressing this equation. The opportunity is the next trillion dollar economy: the open source economy.

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Posted in Open Thoughts 2014

Dividing the Wealth – Do peer networks like Airbnb distribute value fairly?


By Robin Chase, author of Peers Inc; co-founder and former CEO of Zipcar1.

The ideal of capitalism I perceived as a child seems a far cry from what I understand today. American capitalism has moved from an industrial path that grew a middle class to one that seems to be increasingly taking the ugliest, most extractive form, reversing those gains.

In economist Thomas Piketty’s 2014 bestselling Capital in the 21st Century, his analysis found that the top 10 percent of Americans in 2010 owned 70 percent of the capital, trending toward the extreme capital inequality last observed in 1910 monarchical Europe. In the fall 2014 issue of the Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Pavlina R. Tcherneva, an economist at Bard College, updated Piketty’s data through 2012 and looked at which groups got the benefits of economic expansion.

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Posted in Open Thoughts 2014

Peer production and the opportunities and struggles of constructing a more humane production system


By Yochai Benkler, professor, Harvard Law School; and faculty co-director, Berkman Center for Internet and Society

Commons-based production generally, and commons-based peer production in particular, are the most important and surprising organizational innovation to have emerged in networked economy and society. Surprising, because throughout the 20th century our intellectual frame for understanding production was dominated by a binary vision: state and market. By the end of the last century, we had shifted from a view of state- and managerial-hierarchy-based production as dominant to a view of market- or decentralized price-based organization as the dominant model.

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Posted in Open Thoughts 2014

My view on peer production


By Jakob Rigi, associate professor, Central European University.

I would like to formulate briefly my view on peer production, first introducing in what consists and secondly its implications.

Peer production constitutes the germs of a new mode of production which has the two following major characteristics. 1) The production is an open, collective and collaborative process in which technological know-how is shared. The cooperation is coordinated almost horizontally with a minimum authority for the coordinator. 2) In the realm of distribution the digitally peer produced commons is available for humanity at large regardless of contribution.

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Posted in Open Thoughts 2014

Use the Open Source, Luke!


By Maxigas, researcher, Internet Interdisciplinary Institute (IN3-UOC).

Peer to peer superpowers
In this blog entry I summon the Light Side and also the Dark Side, then ask what binds them together. So my answer to the Open Thoughts 2014 Question ― How many peers does it take to change a light bulb? ― is “3”. Namely, Rebel General Dodonna, the Emperor Palpatine himself and Jedi Master Obi-Wan Kenobi. Open Thoughts for Open Force!

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Posted in Open Thoughts 2014
About the Question
How many peers does it take to change a light bulb?

Systems like Linux and websites like Wikipedia are paradigmatic of a particular way of open collaboration known as peer production. Peer producers choose their tasks freely and coordinate their work using open digital platforms. They share the fruits of their labour as part of a global commons, and everyone works according to their abilities and benefits according to their needs.

Is this an emerging form of communism? Or the future of liberal capitalism? Or is it simply a new mode of production? In this blog we want to explore both the benefits and the downsides of such way of working.

UOC/IN3 degrees